Indonesia is an island nation made up of over 17,000 islands. The capital of Jakarta is located on one of the main islands, Java. However, you won’t want to limit your Indonesian travels to just one island: the sights abound throughout the different islands, including Bali, Sumatra, and Kalimantan (Borneo) among others. As an island nation rich with natural resources, Indonesia has long been a key location along trade routes. This has brought in influences from all over the world, especially when it comes to the spices and ingredients used in local dishes. It is a must for travelers to partake in the local offerings by trying sate (grilled meats) or the local soup called soto. If relaxation is more your speed, fear not. Many of the international hotels in Jakarta have luxury spas with prices that are very reasonable compared to those you would find in Italy.

Entry and Exit Requirements for Indonesia

Italians are required to present a passport before entering Indonesia. The passport must remain valid for six months beyond the date of entry into the country. In addition, passports must contain one blank page for an Indonesian stamp. Indonesian officials have the right to prevent a traveller from boarding a flight to Indonesia if he or she does not have a passport with six months of validity.

Before entering Indonesia, Italians may obtain a 30-day visa at the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in Canada. Visas are also available upon arrival. Anybody travelling to the country for business or school must obtain a visa ahead of time.

Italians are expected to pay a departure fee of IDR 150,000 for an international flight.


Travel Information and Italian Embassy locations for Indonesia

Italians should not visit Indonesia until they have gotten in touch with the Italian Embassy in Jakarta. It is imperative to make contact before departing from Italy as well as to confirm arrival in Indonesia. The Italian Embassy will be able to inform travellers of changing safety situations around the country. Italians should also have contact information for the embassy on hand at all times. This is the best way to ensure a safe and productive visit to Indonesia.

Embassy of Italy in Jakarta Indonesia

Jalan Diponegoro no. 45 - Menteng
Jakarta 10310

Tel:  0062 (0) 21 31 93 74 45

Fax: 0062 (0) 21 31 93 74 22

E-mail: ambasciata.jakarta@esteri.it

Visit the Italian Embassy website prior to your departure to confirm the correct details for Italian Embassies and Consulates in Indonesia.


Safety and Security in Indonesia

Canadians are advised to be careful when visiting specific parts of Indonesia. Papua is especially full of political tension and potential violence. Foreigners have been the targets of violence here in the past. As a result, travellers must gain special permission to travel to this region.

Travel to Aceh is advised only if you are travelling with a reputable group. Register travel plans with the local Canadian Embassy, as attacks on foreigners have increased significantly. In fact, some have been held for ransom.

In recent years, North Sumatra has been a target for criminal activity, especially against foreigners. Travellers should always be aware of the surroundings, and it is best to keep signs of affluence tucked away.

Armed robberies are not uncommon in Indonesia, but petty crime is much more common. Forced cash withdrawals and bag snatching are a major concern in certain regions. As a result, travellers should keep doors locked and only use reputable transportation services.

Presidential elections tend to create strife in Indonesia. Travellers visiting during an election should be aware that violence often occurs during public demonstrations without warning. Monitor local news for coverage of such incidents.

Road travel can be dangerous in Indonesia. Traffic rules exist; however, drivers do not frequently obey them. In addition, streets are frequently congested. Avoid travel at night and on rural roads.


 

indo tempoindo tempo2Average temperatures in Indonesia may vary depending on the region of your stay, so be sure to consider each area you plan to visit and pack clothing and skin and eye protectants that will adequately shield you from the effects of both regular and hazardous weather conditions.


 
Health Alerts for Indonesia
It is important to be prepared for all possible health risks when travelling to Indonesia. Use this combination of Indonesia Health Alerts and a visit to your Travel Medicine Specialist to best prepare your health before travelling.

INFLUENZA Worldwide
May '16 – According to the CDC, annual vaccination against seasonal influenza is recommended for all people 6-months of age and older. Globally, influenza activity is low in most regions. In North America, influenza activity continues to decrease. In Europe, influenza activity continues to decrease in most countries. In northern Africa and the Middle East, influenza activity continues to decrease or remained low in most countries; however activity remained high in Jordan and Turkey. In the temperate countries of Asia, influenza activity continued to decrease, but continues to remain high in the Republic of Korea. In tropical countries of the Americas, influenza activity remains low in most countries. In tropical Asia, influenza activity began to decline in India but continued to decrease in southern China and Hong Kong SAR. In tropical Africa, influenza activity increased in western Africa, however Madagascar reported declining influenza activity. Lastly, in the southern hemisphere influenza activity remains at inter-seasonal levels.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.


CHIKUNGUNYA in Indonesia
May '16 - Chikungunya is known to occur during the rainy season in parts of Africa, Southeast Asia, southern India, and Pakistan. More recently the disease has also been reported in the Americas and South Pacific for the first time. According to the CDC, most people in the Americas are not immune to Chikungunya so further spread is likely. Once infected people can infect and spread the virus to other mosquitoes. Chikungunya is often confused with Dengue fever, as the symptoms are similar, although chikungunya symptoms are less severe compared to dengue.
Local transmission of chikungunya has been reported in the following countries:
AFRICA: Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, Reunion, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.
AMERICAS: Anguilla, Antigua, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Bonaire, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Barthelemy, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, Sint Maarten (Dutch), Saint Martin (French), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands, U.S.A (several states - travel related), and Venezuela.
ASIA: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar (Burma), Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor, Vietnam, Yemen.
EUROPE: France.
OCEANIA/PACIFIC ISLANDS: American Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Samoa, Marshall Islands, Federal States of Micronesia, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Tokelau Islands, and Tonga.
Chikungunya fever is a disease caused by a virus that is spread to people through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Symptoms can include sudden fever, joint pain with or without swelling, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, lower back pain, and a rash. In case of these symptoms people are strongly advised to see their doctor. Travelers should use mosquito nets when sleeping and apply mosquito repellents.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

DENGUE FEVER in Indonesia
May '16 - Dengue Fever cases have been on the rise worldwide. According to WHO, incidence of dengue has increased 30 fold in the past 50 years. WHO estimates over 2.5 billion people are now at risk of dengue and there are about 50-100 million dengue infections worldwide every year. According to the CDC, dengue fever is the most common cause of fever in travelers who return from South Central Asia, Central America and the Caribbean.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

HEPATITIS B in Indonesia
May '16 - According to the WHO, two billion people worldwide have been infected with Hepatitis B and about 600,000 people die each year because of it. Chronic Hepatitis B and C are among the leading causes of preventable deaths in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), East Timor, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Nepal, North Korea, Sri Lanka and Thailand.
According to health officials in Tibet, 61% of Tibetans living in Nepal are infected with Hepatitis B. According to a Chairperson of the National Association for Hepatitis Prevention (Hepasist), Bulgaria and Romania produce about 60% of hepatitis cases in Europe. According to to the National Health and Family Planning Commission nearly 1/3rd of the world's 350 million hepatitis B carriers are Chinese. According to the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, about 100,000 people in China are infected every year and vaccination has proven to be the most effective way to prevent hepatitis B virus infection. In India at least 1 in every 25 people living in North Chennai, in Tamil Nadu, have tested positive for hepatitis. According to the head of the Indonesia Liver Research Association (PPHI) only about 10 -20% of all hepatitis cases are detected. According to a Health Ministry study (in 2007), 9.4% of Indonesians (about 30 million people) were found to be positive for hepatitis B or C. According to the Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, Hepatitis B affects about 200,000 Australians. According to the Ministry of Health, more than 700 cases of hepatitis B and at least 1000 cases of hepatitis C were detected among Kuwait’s citizens and residents in 2012. The prevalence of Hepatitis B virus infection in Pakistan is one of the highest rates in the world. According to health officials there has been a recent rise in Hepatitis B infections in Uganda's northern Nwoya district (as of April 2015).
Hepatitis B is a liver disease. It can range in severity from a mild illness to a serious long-term (chronic) illness that can lead to liver disease or liver cancer. Hepatitis B is spread by contact with blood and other body fluids of an infected person. According to WHO, common methods of Hepatitis B virus transmission include, from mother to baby at birth, early childhood infections through close interpersonal contact with infected household contacts, unsafe injection practices, blood transfusions and unprotected sexual contact. Vaccination is recommended.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

RABIES in Indonesia
May '16 - Although the CDC says that rabies is a preventable viral disease, there are more than 55,000 human deaths per year from rabies worldwide. Canine rabies is most prevalent in South East Asia and Africa, while bat rabies predominates in South America. Cases are often under-reported. Bangladesh has the highest per capita rate of human deaths from rabies, which is 1 death in every 30,000 people. China averages more than 2,400 human deaths from rabies annually. According to China’s Ministry of Health, rabies is a huge problem in China and has the 2nd highest incidence rate in the world after India. Many human rabies deaths are attributed to the consumption of rabid dog meat in China. Roughly 36% of the world’s rabies deaths occur in India each year. India reports an estimated 25,000-30,000 human deaths from rabies annually. Rabies is a known issue in Indonesia, even in popular tourist destinations. Rabies is endemic in Nepal and Algeria. In Pakistan about 5,000 deaths are reported annually.
This year human cases and/or deaths due to rabies have been reported from the following countries: Ghana, India, Indonesia, Israel (Northern Golan), Haiti, Nepal, Philippines, Tunisia, Vietnam, and USA.
Travelers to these areas should consider the pre-exposure rabies prophylaxis vaccination series.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

TUBERCULOSIS in Indonesia
May '16 - According to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDPC) and WHO, 1000 people throughout Europe develop tuberculosis every day and multidrug-resistant TB continues to increase in the region; health officials are concerned that multi-drug resistant TB continues to be most prevalent in the 3 Baltic countries - Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. About 25 percent of the world’s multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases occur in China. According to the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, it is estimated that nearly 120,000 new cases occur on Mainland China every year. Ranking second after China, 20 percent of the world's multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases occur in India. For the first time ever 2 cases of extensively drug-resisitant (XDR-TB) tuberculosis were detected in India's Pune district last year. Indonesia and Myanmar follow China and India with the next highest figures of MDR-TB cases annually.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious bacterial disease, which most commonly affects the lungs. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets from the throat and lungs of people with the active respiratory disease. In healthy people, infection with TB often causes no symptoms. However, the most common symptoms of active TB of the lung are coughing, sometimes with sputum or blood, chest pains, weakness, weight loss, fever and night sweats. Tuberculosis is usually treatable with a six-month course of antibiotics.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

AVIAN INFLUENZA (H5) in Indonesia
May '16 - Influenza A(H5) viruses of various subtypes, such as influenza A(H5N1), A(H5N2), A(H5N6), A(H5N8) and A(H5N9) have been detected in birds in Africa, Asia, and Europe according to reports. Although influenza A(H5) viruses have the potential to cause disease in humans, so far no human cases of infection with these viruses have been reported, with exception of the human infections with influenza A(H5N1) viruses and the four human infections with influenza A(H5N6) virus detected in China since 2014.
In most cases, the people infected had been in close contact with infected poultry or with objects contaminated by their feces. WHO reports that globally since 2003, there have been more than 800 confirmed cases, including more than 450 fatalities overall.
Since the beginning of 2015, confirmed cases and/or fatalities have been reported from China, Egypt, Indonesia, and Vietnam. Countries that confirmed cases and/or fatalities during 2014 include: Cambodia, China, Egypt, Indonesia and Vietnam.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

ZIKA VIRUS in Indonesia
May '16 - Zika fever was originally detected in Africa, however an increasing number of cases have been detected in the Americas. Brazil, Colombia, and the Caribbean have been the hardest hit so far, but the disease is spreading rapidly. On Dec. 31 2015, Puerto Rico reported its first case of the disease in a resident who had not traveled outside of the island.
Some locally transmitted cases have been found in Southeast Asian countries including Thailand and Vietnam.
Specific areas where Zika virus transmission is ongoing are often difficult to determine and are likely to continue to change over time.
Zika fever is a viral illness similar to dengue fever, yellow fever, and Japanese encephalitis. It is spread though mosquito bites and mosquitoes carrying the virus can bite during the day and at night. Symptoms of zika fever include high temperature, headache, red eyes, skin rash, muscle aches, and joint pains.
Those traveling to the South or Central America or the Caribbean should take extra precautions in order to avoid the mosquito-borne disease including using mosquito repellents, mosquito netting and protective clothing.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.