Cambodia is a land of breathtaking beauty and unimaginable heartbreak. The country has been through loss and rebuilding in a way that is hard for many visitors to understand. However, this is only one part of the history that makes of up this amazing country. The UNESCO World Heritage site of Angkor is located in the northern province of Siem Reap, covering over 200 miles, and it includes the temples of Angkor Wat, Angkor Thom, and the Bayon Temple. These archaeological sites offer travelers the opportunity to experience the architectural feats of the Khmer Empire, which existed between the 9th and 15th century. If that isn’t enough for you, try a visit to the banks of the Mekong Delta. This expansive river is the transportation route for many goods from neighboring countries and is always busy. No matter what your interests are, Cambodia is sure to delight.

 

Required/Recommended Vaccines

Cambodia Shot

Entry and Exit Requirements for Cambodia

Italians who enter into Cambodia are required to have a valid passport. A passport is only considered valid if the expiration is after six months from the estimated departure date. In addition to a passport, a visa is needed to get into Cambodia. These can be done upon arrival, but travellers will need to bring two passport sized photos with them, and it is better to make advance preparations such as ordering your visa online. Getting a visa at a Thai border crossing is also possible, but you will need to pay fees in Thai bhat. Visitors will also need to show a return ticket and proof of funds to enter Cambodia.

Travel Information and Italian Embassy locations for Cambodia

Italians should not visit Cambodia without first getting in contact with the nearest Embassy in Bankok since Italy does not have an Embassy in Cambodia. Make contact with the embassy before leaving Italy, and then reach out to them again upon your arrival in the country. This gives the embassy ample opportunity to keep you informed about important security and safety information within Cambodia. Make sure to have the address and contact information of the embassy with you at all times.

Embassy of Italy
CRC Tower, All Seasons Place
87 Wireless (Withayu) Road, Lumpini
Phatumwan
Bangkok 10330
You may download the map  or follow the coordinates: 13°44'19.67" N, 100°32'52.73" E.
Tel.: +66-2-250 4970
e-mail: ambasciata.bangkok@esteri.it

Visit the Embassy website prior to your departure to confirm the correct details for Canadian Embassies and Consulates in Cambodia.

Safety and Security in Cambodia

Travel through Cambodia can be a dangerous, and constant vigilance is recommended. Travellers should be advised that travel near the Thai-Cambodia border is quite dangerous due to the presence of landmines and artillery from a border dispute.

Demonstrations throughout the country are also quite common, and they have the possibility of becoming violent. It is recommended that visitors stay away from large groups and gatherings and monitor local media.

Terrorism is a possibility in Cambodia and crime is prevalent. The targeting of foreigners has become more common, even in the light of day. Common crimes against foreigners include armed assaults, sexual assault, armed robbery, scams and extortion. Illegal drugs have also become more prevalent, and it is highly recommended to refrain from drug use in Cambodia.

Road travel can be hazardous, and, although motorcycles can be found for rent, an international driving permit with an endorsement for motorcycles is required to drive them. Helmets are required, but many available may not be up to international standards. Additionally, many rental services will ask for passports as collateral for rentals, but Italians are highly advised to not take part in this transaction. Passports are easily stolen in this situation.

 

Cambodia climatecambodia climate 2

Average temperatures in Cambodia may vary depending on the region of your stay, so be sure to consider each area you plan to visit and pack clothing and skin and eye protectants that will adequately shield you from the effects of both regular and hazardous weather conditions.


 

Health Alerts for Cambodia

 

Travelling overseas can take a toll on your body even without catching any diseases while there. Make sure you are protected against common disease risks when traveling to Cambodia so you can ensure optimum health while experiencing Cambodia's rich culture. Use this compilation of Cambodia Health Alerts in conjunction with a visit to your local Cambodia Travel Medicine Specialist to prepare your body for any health risks you could encounter while travelling to Cambodia.

INFLUENZA Worldwide
May '16 – According to the CDC, annual vaccination against seasonal influenza is recommended for all people 6-months of age and older. Globally, influenza activity is low in most regions. In North America, influenza activity continues to decrease. In Europe, influenza activity continues to decrease in most countries. In northern Africa and the Middle East, influenza activity continues to decrease or remained low in most countries; however activity remained high in Jordan and Turkey. In the temperate countries of Asia, influenza activity continued to decrease, but continues to remain high in the Republic of Korea. In tropical countries of the Americas, influenza activity remains low in most countries. In tropical Asia, influenza activity began to decline in India but continued to decrease in southern China and Hong Kong SAR. In tropical Africa, influenza activity increased in western Africa, however Madagascar reported declining influenza activity. Lastly, in the southern hemisphere influenza activity remains at inter-seasonal levels.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.


MALARIA in Cambodia
May '16 - According to WHO, about 200 million cases of malaria are reported worldwide, killing between 600,000 and 800,000 people. About 90% of malaria-related deaths take place in Sub-Saharan Africa. Increased prevention and control measures have led to a reduction in malaria mortality rates by 47% globally since 2000 and by 54% in the WHO African Region. According to the WHO, malaria still killed more than 580,000 people in 2013, most of them in sub-Saharan Africa, despite the drop in death rates recorded.
According to some reports, in July multiple cases of of imported malaria were diagnosed in travelers having gone to the Punta Cana and Puerto Plata regions in the Dominican Republic. Reuters has reported, drug-resistant malaria fever spread in Myanmar and other countries in the Mekong River basin, including Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam. Additionally, other countries that have reported malaria outbreaks during 2015 include (note that malaria cases are often underreported): India, Malaysia Democratic Republic of Congo, Venezuela, and Brazil. In March Brazil reported locally transmitted malaria in the states of Goias and Rio de Janeiro. Since then, there have been no other reports of local transmission of malaria in these two states. According to the CDC, the central mountainous forested areas of Rio de Janeiro state have reported an average of 6 cases of locally-transmitted malaria annually therefore CDC recommends that travelers to the central, mountainous forested areas of Rio de Janeiro state use mosquito avoidance measures. Malaria is also a major public health concern in Nigeria where it accounts for over 60% outpatient visits and 30% of hospital admissions across the country. A malaria epidemic has been claiming lives in the South Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of Congo. A significant increase in malaria cases in Venezuela has recently been reported, corresponding to an accumulated case toll of more than 30,000 affected people across the country; the majority of recent cases have been from Bolivar and Amazonas States, and some are thought to have been imported cases from Colombia, Brazil, and Guyana.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. When traveling to these areas it is recommended to use mosquito repellents containing DEET on exposed skin and Permethrin on outer clothing, mosquito netting and bedding. Travelers should also speak with a Travel Health specialist to find out if a prophylactic anti-malarial medication is needed.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

CHIKUNGUNYA in Cambodia
May '16 - Chikungunya is known to occur during the rainy season in parts of Africa, Southeast Asia, southern India, and Pakistan. More recently the disease has also been reported in the Americas and South Pacific for the first time. According to the CDC, most people in the Americas are not immune to Chikungunya so further spread is likely. Once infected people can infect and spread the virus to other mosquitoes. Chikungunya is often confused with Dengue fever, as the symptoms are similar, although chikungunya symptoms are less severe compared to dengue.
Local transmission of chikungunya has been reported in the following countries:
AFRICA: Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, Reunion, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.
AMERICAS: Anguilla, Antigua, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Bonaire, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Barthelemy, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, Sint Maarten (Dutch), Saint Martin (French), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands, U.S.A (several states - travel related), and Venezuela.
ASIA: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar (Burma), Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor, Vietnam, Yemen.
EUROPE: France.
OCEANIA/PACIFIC ISLANDS: American Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Samoa, Marshall Islands, Federal States of Micronesia, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Tokelau Islands, and Tonga.
Chikungunya fever is a disease caused by a virus that is spread to people through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Symptoms can include sudden fever, joint pain with or without swelling, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, lower back pain, and a rash. In case of these symptoms people are strongly advised to see their doctor. Travelers should use mosquito nets when sleeping and apply mosquito repellents.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

DENGUE FEVER in Cambodia
May '16 - Dengue Fever cases have been on the rise worldwide. According to WHO, incidence of dengue has increased 30 fold in the past 50 years. WHO estimates over 2.5 billion people are now at risk of dengue and there are about 50-100 million dengue infections worldwide every year. According to the CDC, dengue fever is the most common cause of fever in travelers who return from South Central Asia, Central America and the Caribbean.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

AVIAN INFLUENZA (H5) in Cambodia
May '16 - Influenza A(H5) viruses of various subtypes, such as influenza A(H5N1), A(H5N2), A(H5N6), A(H5N8) and A(H5N9) have been detected in birds in Africa, Asia, and Europe according to reports. Although influenza A(H5) viruses have the potential to cause disease in humans, so far no human cases of infection with these viruses have been reported, with exception of the human infections with influenza A(H5N1) viruses and the four human infections with influenza A(H5N6) virus detected in China since 2014.
In most cases, the people infected had been in close contact with infected poultry or with objects contaminated by their feces. WHO reports that globally since 2003, there have been more than 800 confirmed cases, including more than 450 fatalities overall.
Since the beginning of 2015, confirmed cases and/or fatalities have been reported from China, Egypt, Indonesia, and Vietnam. Countries that confirmed cases and/or fatalities during 2014 include: Cambodia, China, Egypt, Indonesia and Vietnam.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

ZIKA VIRUS in Cambodia
May '16 - Zika fever was originally detected in Africa, however an increasing number of cases have been detected in the Americas. Brazil, Colombia, and the Caribbean have been the hardest hit so far, but the disease is spreading rapidly. On Dec. 31 2015, Puerto Rico reported its first case of the disease in a resident who had not traveled outside of the island.
Some locally transmitted cases have been found in Southeast Asian countries including Thailand and Vietnam.
Specific areas where Zika virus transmission is ongoing are often difficult to determine and are likely to continue to change over time.
Zika fever is a viral illness similar to dengue fever, yellow fever, and Japanese encephalitis. It is spread though mosquito bites and mosquitoes carrying the virus can bite during the day and at night. Symptoms of zika fever include high temperature, headache, red eyes, skin rash, muscle aches, and joint pains.
Those traveling to the South or Central America or the Caribbean should take extra precautions in order to avoid the mosquito-borne disease including using mosquito repellents, mosquito netting and protective clothing.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.