Nigeria offers a variety of unique experiences. With one of the largest populations in Africa, Nigeria has an exceptional blend of cultures resulting from the more than 250 ethnic groups to which it is home. The official language is English, but, with so many ethnic groups, many other languages are spoken including Hasusa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani, and many others. Look beyond the capital of Abuja, as Nigeria has a number of cities that are sure to delight any traveler. Lagos is the largest city in the country with over 10 million people and is a bustling port. Calabar is another city on many travelers’ lists. This port city offers visitors a glimpse into Nigeria’s history as well as the opportunity to visit a primate conservation center.

Entry and Exit Requirements for Nigeria

It is the traveller’s responsibility to consult the High Commission of the Federal Republic of Nigeria for the latest information on entry and exit requirements to Nigeria. Each country has the unrestricted authority to determine who is permitted to enter. Italian consular officials cannot intercede on a traveller’s behalf if the person does not meet the requirements for entry.


Italians must present a passport to visit Nigeria. The passport must be valid and remain unexpired for a minimum of six months beyond the expected date of departure from the country.


Italians are required to obtain a visa to visit Nigeria.

Travel Information and Italian Embassy locations for Nigeria

Italians planning to travel to Nigeria should make contact with the Italian Embassy in Abuja before departure. By initiating contact, the Embassy can keep you apprised of important, current information regarding the safety and security of Italian travellers. Once you arrive in Nigeria, confirm your location and contact information. Keep the Embassy address and contact information with you at all times during your stay in Nigeria.


Europe House Complex
TEL. +234 (0)9 460 2970
+234 (0)9 460 2971
+234 (0)9 460 2972
24/7 emergency line: +234 (0)8035235848

Safety and Security in Nigeria

Italian citizens travelling to Nigeria should frequently check the local news, both before and during the trip, for the latest safety advisories for the region they will be visiting.

Nigeria experiences a high volume of crime throughout all regions. Criminal activity, including robberies and muggings by organised, armed groups, occurs with frequency in urban areas. Serious and violent incidences of assault, kidnapping for ransom, carjacking and shootings have occurred in areas frequented by foreign nationals.

Public transportation is not advised due to instances of theft and armed attacks. Cases of fraud are frequently reported; employ sound judgment when conducting business with people you do not know. Be discreet and avoid displaying any signs of affluence in public.

Safety tips:

  • Always exercise caution when out in public.
  • Avoid going to public places known to be popular with expatriates, including pubs, cafes and restaurants.
  • Be vigilant and cautious when using automated banking machines.
  • Contact local authorities to establish which hotels are safe and reputable with suitable security measures in place.
  • Try to conduct business during daylight hours, and avoid being out alone or at night.
  • Carry copies of your identification and a cellphone with you at all times.

Keep your passport, visa and travel documents secure at all times.


Nigeria clim 1nigeria clim 2Average temperatures in Nigeria may vary depending on the region of your stay, so be sure to consider each area you plan to visit and pack clothing and skin and eye protectants that will adequately shield you from the effects of both regular and hazardous weather conditions.

Health Alerts for Nigeria
It is important to prepare for all possible health risks when travelling to Nigeria. While a lot of health risks may be vaccine-preventable, not all will be. That's why it's important to visit your Nigeria Travel Medicine Specialist to help you make sense of it all. Let us help you take the guess work out of your health while travelling and schedule an appointment today.

May '16 – According to the CDC, annual vaccination against seasonal influenza is recommended for all people 6-months of age and older. Globally, influenza activity is low in most regions. In North America, influenza activity continues to decrease. In Europe, influenza activity continues to decrease in most countries. In northern Africa and the Middle East, influenza activity continues to decrease or remained low in most countries; however activity remained high in Jordan and Turkey. In the temperate countries of Asia, influenza activity continued to decrease, but continues to remain high in the Republic of Korea. In tropical countries of the Americas, influenza activity remains low in most countries. In tropical Asia, influenza activity began to decline in India but continued to decrease in southern China and Hong Kong SAR. In tropical Africa, influenza activity increased in western Africa, however Madagascar reported declining influenza activity. Lastly, in the southern hemisphere influenza activity remains at inter-seasonal levels.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

MALARIA in Nigeria
May '16 - According to WHO, about 200 million cases of malaria are reported worldwide, killing between 600,000 and 800,000 people. About 90% of malaria-related deaths take place in Sub-Saharan Africa. Increased prevention and control measures have led to a reduction in malaria mortality rates by 47% globally since 2000 and by 54% in the WHO African Region. According to the WHO, malaria still killed more than 580,000 people in 2013, most of them in sub-Saharan Africa, despite the drop in death rates recorded.
According to some reports, in July multiple cases of of imported malaria were diagnosed in travelers having gone to the Punta Cana and Puerto Plata regions in the Dominican Republic. Reuters has reported, drug-resistant malaria fever spread in Myanmar and other countries in the Mekong River basin, including Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam. Additionally, other countries that have reported malaria outbreaks during 2015 include (note that malaria cases are often underreported): India, Malaysia Democratic Republic of Congo, Venezuela, and Brazil. In March Brazil reported locally transmitted malaria in the states of Goias and Rio de Janeiro. Since then, there have been no other reports of local transmission of malaria in these two states. According to the CDC, the central mountainous forested areas of Rio de Janeiro state have reported an average of 6 cases of locally-transmitted malaria annually therefore CDC recommends that travelers to the central, mountainous forested areas of Rio de Janeiro state use mosquito avoidance measures. Malaria is also a major public health concern in Nigeria where it accounts for over 60% outpatient visits and 30% of hospital admissions across the country. A malaria epidemic has been claiming lives in the South Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of Congo. A significant increase in malaria cases in Venezuela has recently been reported, corresponding to an accumulated case toll of more than 30,000 affected people across the country; the majority of recent cases have been from Bolivar and Amazonas States, and some are thought to have been imported cases from Colombia, Brazil, and Guyana.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. When traveling to these areas it is recommended to use mosquito repellents containing DEET on exposed skin and Permethrin on outer clothing, mosquito netting and bedding. Travelers should also speak with a Travel Health specialist to find out if a prophylactic anti-malarial medication is needed.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

EBOLA in Nigeria
May '16 - The 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak is the largest in history. On August 8th (2014), the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the current Ebola outbreak is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). The CDC is now screening at five U.S. airports that receive over 94% of travelers from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. New cases continue to be reported from Guinea and Sierra Leone. According to WHO, the Ebola virus outbreak in Liberia was declared over after 42 days had elapsed since the burial of the last confirmed case in the country but are still in a period of heightened vigilance. Senegal, Sierra Leone Nigeria have been declared Ebola free by WHO.
Guinea is the only country with active Ebola cases per the CDC.
According to the CDC, travelers headed to an area affected by Ebola should do the following for prevention:

  • practice careful hygiene
  • do not handle items that could have come into contact with an infected person's blood or body fluids
  • avoid burial rituals that require handling the body of someone who has died from Ebola
  • avoid contact with bats and non-human primates, including blood, fluids, and raw meat prepared from these animals
  • avoid hospitals in West Africa where Ebola patients are being treated
  • after returning, monitor health for 21 days and seek medical care promptly if you experience Ebola symptoms:
    • fever
    • headache
    • muscle pain
    • weakness
    • diarrhea
    • vomiting
    • abdominal pain
    • unexplained bleeding or bruising

Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.CHOLERA in Nigeria
May '16 – Cholera is a bacterial disease that can cause diarrhea and dehydration. Cholera is most often spread through the ingestion of contaminated food or drinking water. Although cholera is preventable, an estimated 3 to 5 million cases and over 100,000 deaths occur each year around the world. Cholera is common in many Sub-Saharan African countries. Passport Health offers products for water purification and electrolyte replacement; precautions for food and water are covered in the travel consultation.
During 2015, the following places have reported cases and/or deaths due to cholera:
In Africa: Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda. Tanzania alone has seen 4,835 cases, including 68 deaths in its most recent outbreak.
In Asia: India and Syria.
In the Americas: The last confirmed cholera case in Cuba was reported in a Canadian Traveler returning from Cuba in January 2015. In the Dominican Republic, since the beginning of the epidemic (November 2010), more than 32,200 suspected cholera cases have been reported, including more than 480 deaths. Since the beginning of 2015, more than 180 suspected cases, including 9 deaths, have been reported; this is an increase of cases compared to the same period last year. In Haiti, since the beginning of the epidemic (October 2010), more than 734,000 cholera cases have been reported, of which more than 50% were hospitalized and more than 8,700 have died. Since the beginning of 2015, there have been more than 10,300 cases, including 106 fatalities; the number of cases and deaths reported in 2015 are already higher than those reported during the same period last year. In 2014, Mexico reported 14 cases from two states (Hidalgo and Querétaro). Since the beginning of 2015, there have been no new cholera cases registered.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control, Pan American Health Organization and World Health Organization.

May '16 - Chikungunya is known to occur during the rainy season in parts of Africa, Southeast Asia, southern India, and Pakistan. More recently the disease has also been reported in the Americas and South Pacific for the first time. According to the CDC, most people in the Americas are not immune to Chikungunya so further spread is likely. Once infected people can infect and spread the virus to other mosquitoes. Chikungunya is often confused with Dengue fever, as the symptoms are similar, although chikungunya symptoms are less severe compared to dengue.
Local transmission of chikungunya has been reported in the following countries:
AFRICA: Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, Reunion, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.
AMERICAS: Anguilla, Antigua, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Bonaire, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Barthelemy, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, Sint Maarten (Dutch), Saint Martin (French), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands, U.S.A (several states - travel related), and Venezuela.
ASIA: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar (Burma), Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor, Vietnam, Yemen.
EUROPE: France.
OCEANIA/PACIFIC ISLANDS: American Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Samoa, Marshall Islands, Federal States of Micronesia, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Tokelau Islands, and Tonga.
Chikungunya fever is a disease caused by a virus that is spread to people through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Symptoms can include sudden fever, joint pain with or without swelling, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, lower back pain, and a rash. In case of these symptoms people are strongly advised to see their doctor. Travelers should use mosquito nets when sleeping and apply mosquito repellents.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

MEASLES in Nigeria
May '16 - According to the CDC, measles kills more than 100,000 children each year worldwide and is common in parts of Europe, Asia, the Pacific, and Africa. Domestic travelers are just as likely, as international travelers, to be exposed on airplanes or in airports. Measles is one of the most contagious diseases and the CDC advises that all travelers be up to date on their vaccinations. Significant outbreaks have been reported in the following countries so far this year (2015): Angola, Australia, Bermuda, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec), China, Croatia, Congo DR, Egypt, Ethiopia, France (Alsace region), Georgia, Germany, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hong Kong SAR, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Mexico, New Zealand, Nigeria, North Korea, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Slovenia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Sweden, United Kingdom, USA (several states), and Vanuatu.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention urges Americans traveling overseas to make sure they are vaccinated against measles—especially if traveling with children. In children complications may lead to bronchitis and pneumonia and in more severe cases, the disease can cause central nervous system damage. Measles is an acute, highly communicable disease, transmitted by direct contact with infectious droplets or by airborne spread. Symptoms of measles include fever, runny nose, and sore eyes followed about 2 days later by a red blotchy rash. It is recommended that you receive an adult booster if you haven't had measles and you have only had your childhood immunizations, especially when traveling internationally. Young children can complete their MMR vaccination schedule early if they are traveling abroad.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

LASSA FEVER in Nigeria
May '16 - According to the CDC, the Nigerian and Benin health officials have reported 302 cases and 134 deaths form the virus.
According to the International Society for Infectious Diseases, Lassa fever is known to be endemic in Guinea (Conakry), Liberia, Sierra Leone, and parts of Nigeria, but probably exists in other West African countries as well. The number of Lassa virus infections per year in West Africa is estimated at 100,000 to 300,000, with about 5,000 deaths.
Lassa fever is a viral illness that is spread through direct contact with rat droppings or urine and through touching objects or eating food contaminated with rat droppings or urine. Lassa fever may also spread though person-to-person contact. Symptoms include, fever, headache, sore throat, a cough, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and muscle pain. A common complication of Lassa Fever is deafness. Lassa Fever can occur all year long, but most cases occur from January to May.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.

POLIO in Nigeria
May '16 - CDC and WHO recommend that all international travelers be fully vaccinated against polio. Additionally, adults should receive a one-time booster dose of polio vaccine if traveling to a polio-affected country. The following countries have reported polio cases in the last year (2015): Afghanistan and Pakistan.
The following countries reported polio cases in the past year: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Guinea, Laos, Madagascar, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia, South Sudan and Ukraine.
According to the CDC, as of May 5, 2014, anyone staying in any of the polio-affected countries for more than 4 weeks may be required to show proof of polio vaccination when departing the country; in these instances polio vaccine must be received between 4 weeks and 12 months prior to departure from the polio-affected country and should be documented in the yellow International Certificate of Vaccination in order to avoid delays in transit or forced vaccination in country.
Sources Include: International Society for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization.